A Dutton Chronology

The chronology below was taken from pages xix - xxvi of the "Duttons of Dutton" genealogy which Colin Dutton found in the Manchester Central Library. The text contains the British spelling and diction prevalent at the time the genealogy was compiled.

A. D. 1066-1784

Odard, the Norman ancestor, with his five brothers, came over from Avranches in Normandy, in the army of William the Conqueror. [probably later]
Odard established at Dutton (Duntune) in Cheshire, where he owned a third part of the township, at the time of the Domesday Survey. The remaining portions were acquired by his descendants in 1341 and 1354.
Sir Geoffrey de Dutton served upon the second or third crusade to the Holy land. (Ancestor of the Warburtons of Warburton and Arley.)
c. 1216
Hugh de Dutton granted the jurisdiction over the Cheshire minstrels by the constable of Chester.
c. 1236
Hugh de Dutton built Poosey chapel within the demesne of Dutton.
c. 1272
Sir Thomas de Dutton, the first knight of the family, added the chapel at Dutton.
8 Dec 1276
Birth of Hugh de Dutton, baptized at Great Budworth the following day. In 1315 he sued the prior of Norton for not providing a chaplain and lamp at Poosey chapel.
1 Jan 1293
(Sir) Peter de Dutton knighted by Edward I.
11 July 1300
Siege of Caerlaverock. Hugh le Despencer, present at the siege, bore the Dutton arms differenced with a bend. (Roll of Caerlaverock.)
Robert de Dutton represented Staffordshire in parliament; and again in 1314, 1319, 1321, 1328, 1329, and 1333. (A Robert de Dutton is mentioned in the military accounts as in the retinue of lord Audley. He may have been the Dutton who is said to have been one of the four esquires who fought beside lord Audley at Poictiers.)
John de Dutton and Robert de Dutton, summoned to perform military service in person against the Scotch (June 30), to muster at Newcastle-on-Tyne on August 15 following. (Scotch Roll, 8 Edw. II.)
19 Sep 1356
Battle of Poictiers. A member of this family is said to have been one of the four esquires who, according to Froissart, fought beside lord Audley in the battle. The "fret" in the Dutton arms is traditionally, but improbably, said to have been then adopted by desire of lord Audley, being his own arms or badge in memory of that occasion.
16 Dec 1359
Letters of protection granted to Thomas de Dutton while absent beyond sea in the retinue of the Prince of Wales, the "Black Prince".
Sir Thomas de Dutton founded a chantry at Warrington with a priest to pray for his soul and for the souls of his two wives and of his family and of his wives' relations yearly forever, and their names to be entered in the convent's martyrology.
Agnes de Dutton elected prioress of the Benedictine nunnery of St. Mary's, Chester. Died 1386.
1 May 1381
Death of Sir Thomas de Dutton.
c. 1390
Hugh Dutton, second son of Edmund de Dutton, became lord of Hatton, near Chester, in right of his wife, the Vernon coheiress. (From Hatton later, the family branched to Chester, Holt in Denbighshire, Cloughton in Yorkshire and Sherborne in Gloucestershire.)
3 Nov 1403
Sir Peter de Dutton, pardoned for taking part with Henry Percy, surnamed Hotspur.
Sir Peter de Dutton ordered by writ from the prince of Wales to hasten and take up his abode, on the marches of Wales, and there to make defence against the invasion of Owen Glendower (Jan. 11).
Hugh de Dutton commissioned to conduct men-at-arms to the marches.
Sir Peter de Dutton had licence to empark the manor of Dutton.
25 Oct 1415
Battle of Agincourt. Sir Thomas Dutton, with 10 men-at-arms and 30 mounted archers in the retinue of Henry V., and Laurence Dutton, in the retinue of the earl of Huntingdon, present at the battle. Sir Thomas received as security for the payment of his wages, a tablet of gold, with the Trinity on the top and beneath their feet the Virgin Mary; on the foot of the table were the three kings of Cologne. It was garnished with twenty-seven large pearls, seven of them worth five marks each, and the other twenty worth 30d. each, weighing 5 lb. 1 oz., which had been given by the city of London to Richard II. in 1392, then valued at £800. It was redeemed by the Crown 4 Henry VI.
6 Apr 1417
Sir Thomas de Dutton obliged to set aside £60 yearly, for three years, to defray the debts which he had incurred upon the voyage with the king to Harfleur. (Chester Recognizance Rolls.) The siege and captureof Harfleur took place in the month preceding the battle of Agincourt.
23 Sep 1459
Sir Thomas de Dutton, with his brother John Dutton, and his eldest son Peter Dutton, killed at the battle of Blore heath, in Cheshire, Sunday, during the Wars of the Roses.
18 Jun 1462
Grant to John Dutton, of Hatton, of the frithmote of the forest of Mara and Mondrem, until he should have satisfied himself out of the issues of the same, for £100, expended by him in attending at the king's command at Chester with certain men. (Chester Recognizance Rolls.)
24 Jan 1476
Dutton archives. Warrant for the conveyance to the Exchequer at Chester of two chests containing charters, etc., of all the possessions of Roger Dutton, esq., deceased, which were then in the earl of Chester's hands, by the minority of Laurence Dutton, the son and heir, with note of their delivery. (Chester Recognizance Rolls.)
Peter Dutton, of Hatton, father of sir Piers Dutton. Outlawed for a raid.
Peter Dutton, lieut.-governor of the Isle of Stan.
The Crown challenged the right of the Duttons' jurisdiction over the minstrels and vagrants of Cheshire and admitted it.
Lady Strangways, then of York (formerly Mrs. Dutton of Dutton), bequeathed her red velvet bonnet to her daughter in law at Dutton to pray for her soul.
c. 1507
Birth of Thomas Dutton, descended from the Duttons of Hatton and Dutton, founder of the Sherborne branch of the family. Graduated at Brasenose College, Oxford, in 1523. (Aged 74 at his death in 1581.)
Death of Laurence Dutton, of Dutton, without heir male, by which the Dutton property passed to sir Piers Dutton of Hatton, whose right was contested by the heirs-general of sir Hugh Dutton.
14 Dec 1533
The abbot, prior and monks of Winchcombe abbey, in Gloucestershire, leased the manor of Sherborne in that county to sir John Alleyn, knight, for ninety-nine years at a peppercorn rent, while secretly receiving a large sum of money for the same, in view of the approaching dissolution of monasteries. (Original lease signed by the abbot, prior, and twenty-three monks at Sherborne house.)
16 May 1534
Termination of the Dutton lawsuit, by award of Henry VIII., by which sir Piers Dutton of Hatton became owner of Dutton, confirmed by Act of Parliament in 1536.
Suppression of monasteries. Sir Piers Dutton appointed one of the commissioners for the abbey of Vale Royal. Quelled an insurrection at Norton abbey and arrested the prior and canons. Thanked by Henry VIII.
Sir Piers Dutton and dame Julian, his second wife, commenced the new hall at Dutton. Completed in 1549.
17 Aug 1545
Death of sir Piers Dutton, of Dutton and Hatton.
Thomas Dutton acquired the manor of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, from sir Christopher Alleyn, having previously been established there.
Richard Dutton, mayor of Chester. "He kept house at the White Friars, and in all the twelve days of Christmas kept open house for meat and drink at meal-time for any that came. All the Christmas-time there was a lord of misrule" (MS., Mayors of Chester).
John Bruen, afterwards the noted puritan layman, brought up at his uncle Dutton's at Dutton, "where by occasion of musicians and a chest of viols kept in the house, he was drawn by desire and delight into the dancing school, where he profited so well in that kind of youthful activity that he did not only please himself too much, but his parents also more than was meet with those tricks of vanity" (John Bruen's Life).
Sir Christopher Hatton, queen Elizabeth's dancing lord chancellor, claimed kindred with the Duttons of Hatton.
Queen Elizabeth entertained by Thomas Dutton for six days at Sherborne.
Richard Dutton, mayor of Chester, in conflict with the lords of the council respecting the city charter.
24 Oct 1581
Thomas Dutton died at Sherborne, aged seventy-four. In his will he desired that the "arms of the house of Dutton in Cheshire, out of which house I came and descended," be placed over his tomb.
Approach of the Armada. John Dutton and Rowland Dutton, of Chester esqs.; and William Dutton, of Sherborne, esq., each subscribed £25 for the defence of the country.
Sep 1592
Queen Elizabeth entertained by William Dutton for six days at Sherborne.
30 May 1593
Death of Peter Dutton, eldest son of John Dutton of Dutton. In 1583, on his return from his travels, sir Christopher Hatton wrote of him that the queen was assured he would prove "a man meet to be hereafter employed in service to the benefit of his country."
Birth of John Dutton (son of William Dutton), who eventually succeeded to Sherborne. Born hunchbacked; and known as "Crump Dutton." Became "one of the richest men in England." Rebuilt Sherborne house from designs by sir Inigo Jones. Erected by the brothers Strong.
(Sir) Thomas Dutton, of Chester, knighted by James I. Became a captain in the low countries. In 1606, lord Salisbury wrote in favour of him that he "is well esteemed of by his majesty." The earl of Suffolk and lord chancellor Ellesmere were amongst his friends at court. Temporarily lost royal favour by killing sir Hatton Cheke in a duel in 1610.
John Dutton, the sole male heir-apparent of Dutton, killed (according to family tradition) on his wedding-day (Feb. 9). Buried at Tarvin, in Cheshire, Feb. 11, 1608-9, aged fourteen.
Marriage of the hon. Gilbert Gerard and Eleanor Dutton, the heiress of Dutton, at Great Budworth (Sept. 16).
Duel between sir Hatton Cheke and sir Thomas Dutton fought on Calais sands, in which sir Hatton Cheke was killed (Dec.)
2 Oct 1611
Death of Elizabeth Dutton, "a wife, a widow and a maid", aged sixteen. Buried in the chancel of St. Martin's-in-the-fields, London.
William Dutton, of Sherborne, purchased the manor of Standish, in Gloucestershire, from the Winston family.
28 Dec 1614
Death of Thomas Dutton, the last of the Duttons of Dutton, aged forty-six. Twentieth in direct descent from Odard. Funeral sermon preached in Great Budworth church and afterwards printed.
10 Nov 1618
Death of William Dutton, the second family owner of Sherborne, aged fifty-seven.
Aug 1624
(Sir) Ralph Dutton of Standish, gentleman of the privy chamber, knighted by James I. at Woodstock.
Marriage of Lucy Dutton and the earl of Downe, at Sherborne (Nov. 26). John Dutton, her father, had purchased the wardship and marriage of the earl, to whom he married her.
John Dutton, of Sherborne, sat in the "Long parliament," and went to Oxford with the king, and is said to have drafted the articles upon the surrender of that city to the parliament. In 1642, offered to lend Charles I. £50,000 (Lord Montagu's correspondence). Paid £5,216 composition as a royalist for his estates. Afterwards an admirer and personal friend of Oliver Cromwell's, whose daughter Frances he arranged for his nephew and heir to marry. In his will he appoints Cromwell as guardian of his nephew, and alludes to the proposed marriage "which I much desire and if it take effect, shall account it as a blessing from God." It did not take place.
Charles I. entertained by Lucy (Dutton), countess of Downe, at the Dutton manor-house at Coberley (Sept. 6), and again in 1644 (July 11).
c. 1646
Death of sir Ralph Dutton, of Standish, a royalist officer, said to have been wrecked and cast ashore on Burntisland in 1646. Upon the outbreak of the civil war he raised a regiment for the king, which was the second raised, "and came into his majesty complete 800 with flying colours at the setting up of his royal standard at Nottingham." He also compiled a manual of prayers for its use.
William Dutton, the heir to Sherborne, sent by Oliver Cromwell, his guardian, to Eton with the poet Marvell.
Death of Lucy (Dutton), countess of Downe, at Coberley (Easter day) aged thirty-two. According to the parish register, "she fasted from eating and drinking before her death ten days."
Death of John Dutton of Sherborne (Feb. 18), aged sixty-three. "He was a learned and a prudent man; and as one of the richest so one of the meekest men in England" (Anthony a Wood). Oliver Cromwell wrote a letter of condolence to Mrs. Dutton of Sherborne, alluding to the "great loss of your noble husband, my very good friend."
The Colt-Dutton lawsuit for the Sherbome estates between John Dutton's son-in-law and his nephew (verdict Nov. 4). "The greatest discourse of the town for this term hath been the issue between Mr. Colt and young Dutton for the Duttons' estate of Sherborne, which was tried yesterday in the Upper bench; and held the court from nine in the morning to nine at night, much gentry being present of both sexes, but it went with Mr. Dutton" (Francis Newport to sir R. Leveson, Nov. 3, 1657).
Death of Eleanor, then viscountess Kilmorey (the Dutton heiress), at Dutton (March 12). Buried at Great Budworth.
Death of William Dutton of Sherborne, formerly Oliver Cromwell's ward (bur. April 5).
20 Jun 1678
Ralph Dutton, of Sherborne, created a baronet by Charles II.. Represented Gloucestershire in parliament 1678-79, 1688-90, and 1695. His favourite pastime was greyhound coursing. In 1691, he was described in a newsletter, as "one of the chief men of England for that sport."
22 Oct 1680
Sir Richard Dutton appointed governor of Barbados.Originally of Chester, left the law at the age of seventeen for the army, served as a royalist officer throughout the civil war; and was twice imprisoned in the Tower. Became an officer in the duke of York's guards, and knighted by Charles II. Arrived at Barbados March, 1681. Twice thanked by Charles II. for his vigorous administration of the colony, but eventually made enemies. Returned 1683. "I hope sir Richard's home-coming will be for his honour and advantage what endeavours soever have been used to lessen him there. Sir Richard has been known to be more a soldier than a lawyer, which I presume is the reason he committed the jurisdiction of the court of grand sessions to those that were better skilled in the laws than himself" (Letter to Pepys, 1685). Made his will in 1702-3, "being of great age," and died shortly afterwards. (His elder daughter was a legatee under the will of lady Dutton, of Sherborne, in 1721, who described her as her cousin.)
Birth of John, son of sir Ralph Dutton of Sherborne, whom he succeeded in the baronetcy.
3 Sep 1711
Duke of Hamilton created Baron of Dutton. Killed in a duel with lord Mohun the following year (Nov. 15).
1 Jun 1728
Marriage of sir John Dutton, bart., with his second wife, Mary Keck, at Hampstead by the bishop of Ely.
Elizabeth Dutton's monumental effigy removed to Little Gaddesden church, Herts, by the duke of Bridgewater.
Death of sir John Dutton, the second and last baronet of Sherborne. Buried at midnight (Feb. 4). He kept a minute account of all his personal expenses.
5 Dec 1748
A remarkable run by "Lord Chedworth and Mr. Dutton of Sherborne's confederate pack of hounds for five hours over the finest country in England"
20 May 1784
Creation of James Dutton, of Sherborne, esquire, as Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, in the peerage of Great Britain, by George III.

This table is a reformatted version of a web page originally produced by Fred E. Dutton, which is no longer extant.